Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, the highest free standing mountain in the world, and one of the largest volcanoes ever to burst through the earth’s crusts. The base of this immense mountain measure 50 x 80 km and the outstanding features are the three major volcanic centers, Shira in the west (4260 m), Mawenzi in the East (5260 m) and the snow capped Kibo is the middle (5895 m).It is in fact a Stratovolcano.Itis found in the Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania and Supports five different ecosystems. Kilimanjaro is 320 km south of the equator.The summit is called Uhuru Peak and is 5,895 m or 19,341 feet high. The temperature on the summit can go as low as -18 C and if the wind is blowing, the wind chill will make it a lot colder. Mount Kilimanjaro makes up one of the 'seven summits' (the highest peaks on the seven continents).The mountain is a dormant volcano, not extinct, and is made up of 3 volcanic cones, Shira, Kibo and Mawenzi. The summit stands on Kibo. The last volcanic activity took place 200 years ago and the last MAJOR eruption happened from Kibo 360,000 years ago. When comparing the snow caps of 1912 with today, it is estimated to have diminished by about 80%. Since 1962 its lost around 62% of its glaciers - all due to global warming.25 species of bats, 25 species of antelope, seven different types of primates and 179 species of birds have been recorded on the mountain. Only a species of lichen is found on the summit because it's too cold and dry for anything else to survive. There are six official routes up to Mt. Kilimanjaro. Approximately 20,000 to 35,000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro each year, with 66% managing to summit. Altitude-related problems are the most common reasons climbers turn back. The first recorded ascent was by Hans Meyer a German geologist and a porter called Lauwo (a guy from a nearby village) in October 1889 and it's believed to have taken six weeks to accomplish. The fastest ascent and decent is held by a Swiss mountain runner called Karl Egloff. He ran to the summit and back in 6 hours and 42 min in 2014.The oldest person to have reached the summit is Valtee Daniel at 87.In September 2014, the highest cricket game in the world was played at the Crater Camp. In June 2017 the highest soccer game on record was played by 30 female footballers from 20 nations, the game was played in Kilimanjaro volcanic pit and lasted the full 90 min. In May 2016, Pizza Hut set an official Guinness World Record when they delivered a pizza to the summit. The highest pizza delivery in the world. The pizza was kept hot in a specially built battery powered delivery and was done as part of a PR campaign.
Apart from its dramatic geological features and the beautiful mountain vegetation, Mount Kilimanjaro is also notable for its bird life, which is plentiful in the rich forest zone. There is also a wide array of butterflies, moths and other insects. The mountain can be climbed anytime of the year although it is often wet in the forest during the rainy season in April and May. The best period is from August to November. The best months to climb Kilimanjaro are from January to mid-March and June to October, as these are the dry seasons.
Kilimanjaro has more than 40 years of experience in leading clients to the summit. Our experienced guides have a proud success rate of 96%+. Our professional tour consultants have all made successful summit attempts and are therefore in a position to provide you with an in depth knowledge on a planned summit attempt. We provide unique and tailor-made itineraries to suite your individual requirements and preferences, including all your accommodation bookings, meet and assist at the airport, airport transfers, as well as many exciting Safari extensions to All National Parks and Game reserve in the country the magical island of Zanzibar.
Since the summit of Kilimanjaro was first reached by the German geographer Hans Meyer and Austrian mountain climber Ludwig Purtscheller on 5th October 1889, literally thousands of people have succeeded in, or have attempted the very same feat. It is estimated that today, a staggering 25,000 people a year set off on the journey.
Kilimanjaro is an awesome spectacle, and climbing it is achievable by anyone who is determined and reasonably fit. There are several routes to the summit such as: The Marangu (7 Days) and Rongai are easiest, while Machame (8 Days) and Shira provide more difficult ascents.You can pick the route that you think is best suited to you, and also the one that will give you exactly want you personally want to get out of your trek. Your accommodation will be tents, which are carried up by porters, but if you don’t fancy sleeping under canvas, then you should definitely choose the Marangu Route, as this is the only route where you sleep in dormitory style huts.
NOTE: All climbs have to be pre-booked, so you cannot just turn up on a whim and hope to start your climb that day or the next.
There are any Skills required to Climb Mt. Kilimanjaro?
Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro does not require professional climbing skills. It is, however, a strenuous climb and physical fitness is extremely important. There are several different routes up the mountain with varying degrees of difficulty. Before you decide on climb, you should consult with your physician and choose the best suited to your physical abilities. One good ‘’ measuring stick’ to determine your ability to reach the summit is whether you are able to jog slowly for an hour or more without experiencing shortness of breath.
Guides, Porters & Accommodation
Mt. Kilimanjaro climbs are accompanied by experienced mountain guides and porters. Accommodations differ depending on the route and include both high- altitude tents and dormitory- style mountain lodges. The facilities are clean but Spartan, so you should be prepare to ‘”rough it” as you make your ascent to the mountain.
Looking at the Kilimanjaro map below you can see that there are 7 routes to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro. Mweka is for descent only.
MAP OF K’NJARO
The route that one chooses is important as it impacts the cost, duration and potentially your chances of summit success. As you can see on the map, three routes begin on the south side of the mountain at just under 2,000m. The Rongai Route provides a more remote passage, which begins on the North East side of the mountain. The Shira, Lemosho and Northern Circuit routes begin on the west side of the mountain.
KILIMANJARO MAP AND ROUTES
Note: Marangu Route is the only one that has huts for the full duration of your trek.
See this Kilimanjaro routes map get a full overview of each trail, including detailed information on the camps and pros and cons for each route. You will also find useful altitude profiles for each of the routes. The better you understand your route and the distances between camp sites the more likely you are to pace yourself correctly on each trekking day.
KILIMANJARO MAP – CROSS SECTION
A good sense of elevation from each of the Kilimanjaro route starting points may be portrayed hereunder on its cross section map
K’NJARO CROSS-SECTION MAP
TREKKING KILIMANJARO FOR CHARITY CHALLENGE?
The above climb can be undertaken for your own personal charity or group charity. This has been common methodology used to the most climbers who came to visit Kilimanjaro and join for summit for the major aim of making fundraising program for community development.
KILIMANJARO MAP – ROUTE SUMMARY
There are seven main routes on Kilimanjaro. Three approach from the south – Machame, Umbwe, Marangu (note: Mweka is used for descent only), three approach from the West – Shira, Northern Circuit and Lemosho (the latter is relatively new and far superior to that of Shira which starts at a high elevation and therefore makes the acclimatization process much more challenging).
A popular route, the Rongai, approaches from the drier North East.
As you climb Kilimanjaro you will pass through four climatic zones. The first zone is characterized by tropical rain forest. At about 3,000 meters this gives way to a moorland setting. At 4,200 meters the landscape becomes desert-like until reaching the upper most reaches of the mountain which are glacial.
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